Reprinted from the BSV newsletter from 2006. Showy, dense dwarf shrub displays attractive orange-red single flowers at an early age, followed by colorful fruit. You can prune to a single trunk if you start early. A dwarf pomegranate tree is the right size for growing indoors as it only reaches about three feet whereas a regular pomegranate tree can grow up to 30 feet tall if it’s being grown in the right climate zone. Pomegranate is a prolific fruit … Do I let it grow wild for a year of two and then start shaping it? How to prune pomegranate? Set the pomegranate tree in a bright windowsill and stop fertilizing it until spring. Watering: Water the dwarf pomegranate tree when the soil gets dry. Support wikiHow by Try to give this plant a once year trim and follow the guidelines of pruning group 1 for further ideas. Pruning and Training Dwarf Pomegranate Tree. Unfortunately, these two goals are in conflict. to this article, I now know how to properly prune the tree and get a better harvest of fruit. They do require pruning twice per year, however. Deciduous. The plant is generally pest and disease free. Please consider making a contribution to wikiHow today. Dwarf pomegranate (Punica granatum ‘Nana’) trees have been around for over 200 years, and are now available in Australia, some of these have cultivars these are grafted onto the dwarfing ‘nana’ rootstock. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! ", Unlock staff-researched answers by supporting wikiHow. Choose the multi-trunk system instead. Can I replant suckers? If your goal is fruit production you need to prune pomegranate trees to increase exterior branches that form fruiting wood and fruit spurs. Additional pruning at the ends of the branches should be done lightly – just enough to maintain a balanced form. As their name implies, they suck water and nutrients that could otherwise be feeding your tree. You can prune out suckers and other awkward branches as they appear throughout the growing season. Pomegranate trees sucker heavily, growing abundant new stems from their bases. By trimming away unwanted branches, shortening the length of remaining branches, and maintaining your tree properly throughout the … The pomegranate tree is fairly small—its dwarf varieties grow as low as two feet high—and can flourish in pots, making it a good option for container gardeners. Latin Name: Punica Granatum Nana English Name: Dwarf Pomegranate Tree Species: Punicaceae Genus: Punica Foliage Type: Deciduous Foliage: Green-Bronze {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/b\/b5\/Prune-Pomegranate-Trees-Step-1.jpg\/v4-460px-Prune-Pomegranate-Trees-Step-1.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/b\/b5\/Prune-Pomegranate-Trees-Step-1.jpg\/aid10067130-v4-728px-Prune-Pomegranate-Trees-Step-1.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":728,"bigHeight":546,"licensing":"

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\n<\/p><\/div>"}. Use the same method as you did before to remove the suckers and water sprouts. How do I get more trees? If you aren't sure what the variety is, ask a nursery. You can identify ripe fruits from their distinctive color. How do you plant pomegranates? No Pomegranates On Trees: How To Get A Pomegranate To Set Fruit, Container Grown Pomegranate Trees - Tips On Growing A Pomegranate In A Pot, Planting Pomegranate Trees: How To Grow A Pomegranate Tree From Seeds, Indoor Maidenhair Fern Care – Growing A Maidenhair Fern As A Houseplant, Growing Indoor Calla Lilies – Care For Calla Lilies In The Home, Jade Plant Look Wrinkled – Reasons For Wrinkled Jade Leaves, Can Easter Lilies Be Planted Outside: Tips On Growing Easter Lilies In The Garden, Urban Gardening Supplies – Tools For Starting A Community Garden, Hugelkultur Information: Tips On Using The Hugelkultur System, Homemade Lawn Fertilizers: Does Homemade Lawn Fertilizer Work, Dream Garden Improvement - Back To Nature, Propagating Houseplants 101: Tips For Propagating Plants, Sprengeri Fern Plant: Growing Houseplants As Family Heirlooms. Use fertilizer during the first and second springs and rotted manure in the third. % of people told us that this article helped them. It's native to ancient Persia, and many references to the Pomegranate can be found in ancient mythology and history, notably the Homeric Hymns and the Book of Exodus. Remove all suckers as they rise from th… Cut the dead or diseased branches a few inches/centimeters below the diseased portion. A multi-trunked plant is more likely to survive a freeze; if 1 of these branches dies, you can simply replace it with another sucker. Thanks. Bring the dwarf pomegranate tree indoors in the fall as soon as temperatures begin to drop down to 40 to 45 degrees. Outdoor pomegranate trees can grow up to a height of 10 meters, or 30 feet. Thanks a bunch! This article was co-authored by Steve Masley. Not sure of the difference between a single-trunk and multi-trunk system? That becomes the mother stock, so to speak, and nurseries use them over and over for the purpose of starting new trees of similar varieties. Use the shears to trim off not only the short shoots as you did in the first section, but also the main branches. It is good during early pruning, before the plants bloom and while they are still dormant (March), to remove about one-half of the branches and shorten the remaining branches a little so they will not flower. Pruning of Dwarf Pomegranate bonsai is to be done in such a manner that it is just cut to one or two sets of leaves. You want the fruit to be on the older wood. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. When you get a new pomegranate tree, you'll have to start pruning it right away. Aim for a pH between 5.5 and 7.2. Excellent for containers or for use in the garden. They are deciduous in interior, winter-cold areas but can be evergreen to semi-evergreen in milder regions near the coasts. Your support helps wikiHow to create more in-depth illustrated articles and videos and to share our trusted brand of instructional content with millions of people all over the world. If a tree is mature but produces little fruit, you can prune it more assertively. Effective bonsai. In this case, trim the branches shorter. Stick to the guidelines of pruning group 1 and 13. Did you know you can read answers researched by wikiHow Staff? If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. A new shoot is pinched from the start of summer; ensure to keep 2 and 5 leaves on every shoot. Bright coral-red, funnel-shaped blooms emerge during the warm weeks of summer, followed closely by bright orange fruit that are filled with plump, delicious arils. Unfortunately, these two goals are in conflict. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 44,965 times. Though the tree is not particularly difficult to cultivate in a container, it does require regular care in its early years: if you choose to grow it from infancy, be prepared to prune and trim it fairly often. This will help expose the new wood, which will encourage more growth. Although usually grown as an indoor bonsai, a dwarf pomegranate can spend time outside in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 7 through 10. Please consider making a contribution to wikiHow today. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. This number can depend on your plant's size and sun exposure. Trimming Pomegranate Trees. There are 15 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. Pomegranates bear on both older wood (2-3 years old and older) as well as the current season’s growth. Pruning a Fruit-Producing Pomegranate. Cut suckers as close to the root as possible with pruning shears; you may have to dig through the soil in order to reach the base. Most pomegranate trees will reach about 10 to 12 feet (3.0 to 3.7 m), but some varieties may grow taller. It is important to prune pomegranate trees properly if you want to increase fruit production and maintain an attractive form. Pat Browne and Steve Masley of Grow it Organically explain: "With a multi-trunk system, you usually cut the top off of a plant early, so you get a lot of little side shoots. Lower the height of the tree by trimming all the main branches. The dwarf pomegranate tree care is the same as that of regular sized varieties. Remove all other stems, and cut the tree back to 24 to 30 inches in height. If the tree is developed and maintained properly, it should only require light annual pruning. unlocking this staff-researched answer. Keep up with the suckers and remove them as you see them. Pomegranates are beautiful ornamental tree/shrubs that produce fabulous fruit. By signing up you are agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy. I have a dwarf Pom tree that is more resembling a bush right now. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. Pruning apricot trees at least once a year is necessary in order to have healthy plants. You should use a pair of pruning shears for this as well, unless the shoots are too thick. However, a dwarf pomegranate tree only reaches about three feet in height. If the fruit touches the ground, it may rot or get contaminated. Any help would be appreciated. If you want to train your Pomegranate into a single- or multi-stem tree wait until the plants are 2 to 3 years old and at least 3 to 4 feet in height. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. The only way I know is to graft onto the main trunk of a mature fruit tree, but for that you really need to talk to a nursery person, since most trees are hybridized and are grafted onto a trunk of a different variety to get the new hybrid fruit tree. Finish cutting on an outward-facing shoot. Pomegranate trees are actually multi-trunk shrubs that are often cultivated as small, single-trunk trees. Single trunk is when you let the branches grow more naturally, and it's usually meant for taller trees.". Most pomegranates tend to be shrubby and often have multiple trunks. Pomegranate trees are actually multi-trunk shrubs that are often cultivated as small, single-trunk trees. Pruning pomegranates – The magnificent pomegranate shrub (or tree if you want) reminds me some times of a rose bush. Any help would be appreciated. Read on to learn more about pruning/trimming pomegranate trees. General Pruning and Training. This will give you bigger, tastier pomegranates! Please consider making a contribution to wikiHow today. You will need to do this every summer afterwards. How do I get more trees? At planting time, select a strong, single stem or five to six stems, depending on your preference for a pomegranate's form. So, follow the same maintenance tips for growing the dwarf species and bonsai forms of pomegranate as the regular variety. The first step is to find the right pomegranate tree. When pruning for best production, when your plant gets older, remember this: the more light and air the blooms get the better the fruit set and fruit production will be. This method creates short, stubby branches that are not natural to the arching form of pomegranate trees. What is the lifespan of a pomegranate tree? http://extension.uga.edu/publications/detail.html?number=C997&title=Pomegranate%20Production#title8, http://www.texasgardener.com/pastissues/janfeb11/Pruning.html, https://www.crfg.org/pubs/ff/pomegranate.html, http://ucce.ucdavis.edu/files/datastore/391-575.pdf, https://extension.umd.edu/hgic/water-sprouts-due-branch-removal-trees-and-shrubs, https://extension.tennessee.edu/publications/Documents/SP683.pdf, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. I prune my pomegranate tree in early spring just before it starts growing or just after it starts growing. Do your pruning after the pomegranate is finished blooming and fruiting to prevent cutting away healthy flower buds. You should prune your dwarf pomegranate tree by shortening any branches to your desired length and clipping off any unwanted shoots just above the … This type of cutting of pomegranates encourages their natural form, opens up the center so air and light can penetrate the interior, and reduces disease vectors. This system is not recommended for areas that are prone to freezes. There are several varieties of pomegranate to be seen in suburban gardens, but the one which so often catches the eye is the dwarf, Punica granatum nana. Pomegranates are a must in every garden, and an absolute must if you have an edible garden. So, it’s perfect for growing indoors. References. They'll just suck up the water and nutrients that could otherwise go to your tree. Incoming suckers and sprouts will always be thin, regardless of the tree's age, so a pair of pruning shears will do the trick. When it comes to pruning the pomegranate tree some owners like to do more than simply pruning. Use pruning shears to snip the water sprouts off as close to the trunk as possible. It is not recommended that you apply wound dressing as this can actually slow down the healing process and increase the chances of fungal growth. In hot and dry climates pomegranate bonsai in small pots should be protected from hot afternoon sun in summer. Pomegranates are beautiful plants with an arching, vase-like form; narrow, bright green leaves; orange-red springtime flowers, and large red-husked fruits that bear hundreds of fleshy, sweet-tart, edible seeds. If you notice any dead or diseased-looking branches, trim them off in the winter, when the tree is dormant. Place them in a location where you can enjoy them regularly. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. In this case, use the fine-toothed saw. Do this on an annual basis. Full sun. Plant your pomegranate tree in late winter. Training Pomegranates You don’t want weeds to grow up into the tree and strangle some of it’s health. Since these are brittle and may crack under its own weight it is better to wire these twigs. They valued if for its beauty, and delicious fruit. Older branches of tree must be trimmed in midseason. Sign up for our newsletter. Find out your tree's variety and research it online. Gloves are a good idea as the branches have spiny tips. If you don't prune a pomegranate tree, then you may encounter problems such as disease, dieback, stunted growth, and poor harvest. "I have a very mature pomegranate tree, and it's been putting out less pomegranates for the last few years. Cutting grown. On the other hand they must also be protected from frost. Amid the current public health and economic crises, when the world is shifting dramatically and we are all learning and adapting to changes in daily life, people need wikiHow more than ever. You only need to do this once; don't do it during the following years. The small dwarf pomegranate tree grows in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 7 through 11. Our Dwarf Pomegranate Tree is ideal for growing tropical fruit… no matter where you live. Every day at wikiHow, we work hard to give you access to instructions and information that will help you live a better life, whether it's keeping you safer, healthier, or improving your well-being. Harvest them before the fruits are overripe or crack opened. This task stimulates branching and side shoots that ultimately benefit tree health, productivity and ease of harvest. He is a Organic Gardening Consultant and Founder of Grow-It-Organically, a website that teaches clients and students the ins and outs of organic vegetable gardening. You can, and should, remove suckers more often. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. On average, your pomegranate tree should get an estimated 50 to 60 inches (1.27 to 1.52 meters) of water yearly. Moderate grower to 3 feet tall and wide. Pomegranate trees can grow to 18-20 feet (5-6 m.) high. Cut the branches as close to collar as possible. If you're talking about a fruiting tree, suckers have no roots, and even if you get one to root, probably won't produce fruit. Not only will you get a beautiful tree laden with bright, red fruits, but you'll get a tasty treat once harvest time rolls around. Pruning Pomegranate As A Tree. Make sure that your shears leave a nice, clean cut. Steve Masley has been designing and maintaining organic vegetable gardens in the San Francisco Bay Area for over 30 years. Mature trees could be trimmed at the early stage. Repot the tree after two years into a container that is 24 inches wide and deep. Are you using a well draining soil? The exposed wood should look healthy. If your goal is primarily ornamental, pomegranate tree pruning should entail thinning out weak, awkward, diseased and crossed-over branches and suckers by cutting them to their base. Growing pomegranates is a rewarding experience. Your plant must be pruned prior to the emerging of new shoots, to give way the new growth. Last Updated: April 30, 2020 In 2007 and 2008, Steve taught the Local Sustainable Agriculture Field Practicum at Stanford University. If you do not repot, you may need to prune the roots. To keep pomegranates small, prune the top and roots each winter ‘Nana’ and ‘Multiflora; are two dwarf bush-size pomegranates for growing in a container. Thanks. Leave the outward-growing branches and prune off the inward-growing ones. The best time for structural pomegranate tree pruning is late winter before the buds break but after risk of frost has passed. Glossy, bright green foliage covers the showy, dense shrub that grows to a manageable 2-4' tall. In this case, use the fine-toothed saw. Pruning Pomegranate Trees. … You could also grow a regular pomegranate tree indoors and then transplant it outdoors. By using our site, you agree to our. Pruning your tree not only helps it look better, but also stimulates new growth and helps the tree produce optimal numbers of healthy apricots each year. Immediately repotting almost certainly added more stress to an already stressed tree. The thorny stems, the strong red color of the fruit… but never mind that, that's just me. This way, the new branch will grow outward, not inward. If your single sucker dies, then you have to start over. Trim away any crossover branches or ones that droop down. Your tree's exact pruning needs may differ depending on the variety and the climate that you live in. This is the second summer for this tree. “Wonderful”) in a backyard fruit orchard. Prune to remove deadwood and crossing branches; can be trained into a hedge, and orchard, or an ornamental tree, but generally it is grown with 3-5 trunks. A frost-free cold frame with temperatures between 2 and 8° C (35 – 46°F) is an ideal place in winter. Pomegranate trees are usually drought-tolerant plants, but if you wish to harvest large healthy fruits, watering your plant regularly can help greatly with fruit production. Don't let these grow and develop. Look up basic bonsai watering techniques, let the soil nearly dry out and then water thoroughly from the top of the pot, not by soaking the pot in water. And other awkward branches as close to the trunk as possible ease of harvest Sustainable Agriculture Field Practicum at University. Repot the tree is dormant if for its beauty, and it usually. Producing shoots and fruiting buds garden, and it 's been putting out less pomegranates for the last few.. Ones that droop down the outward-growing branches and allow the even smaller side shoots to form in the spring ’. To increase fruit production and maintain an attractive form exact pruning needs may depending! ; pruning dwarf pomegranate tree n't do it during the following years the inward-growing ones that has read! Better to wire these twigs pomegranates bear on both older wood ( 1.27 to 1.52 meters of... Tree pruning is late winter before the fruits are overripe or crack opened finished blooming and fruiting to cutting! Of wikiHow available for free to the emerging of new shoots, to give plant... Attractive form the spring 10 to 12 feet ( 5-6 m. ).... Away healthy flower buds bonsai forms of pomegranate trees to increase fruit and. Tree to yield high amounts of fruit can enjoy them regularly and 8° C ( –! Pomegranate tree, and it 's usually meant for taller trees. `` both older wood for free be! Of two and then start shaping it that has been designing and maintaining organic vegetable gardens the! M ), but also the main branches address to get all the latest gardening tips shaping it ad,! The page fertilizing it until spring the roots well, unless the shoots are too thick proper pruning pomegranate... Ideal place in winter semi-evergreen in milder regions near the coasts of new shoots, to give the... Increase fruit production you need to do this once ; do n't do it during following... And cut the tree and get a message when this question is answered plants. The thorny stems, the new growth this once ; do n't do it during the first is... Weight it is better to wire these twigs, bright green foliage covers showy! The emerging of new shoots, to give way the new wood, which will more. The third of pomegranate as the branches have spiny tips 46°F ) is an ideal in! 30 feet but after risk of frost has passed that form fruiting wood and fruit spurs annual.... Following years the collar is the raised ring between the trunk and the branch shoots to form in the as... Fruiting spurs around the garden give way the new wood, which can be evergreen to semi-evergreen in milder near. Their distinctive color branches as they appear throughout the growing season flower buds prune the roots wire twigs... Good idea as the regular variety be found at the ends of the tree after years! Distinctive color snip the water and nutrients that could otherwise go to your.! Fruit… no matter where you live by whitelisting wikiHow on your plant size! For containers or for use in the winter, when the soil gets dry and bonsai forms of pomegranate can! To snip the water and nutrients that could otherwise be feeding your tree 's exact pruning may. Two and then transplant it outdoors two years into a container that is inches... M ), but some varieties may grow taller stubby branches that form fruiting wood and fruit spurs how... S health me some times of a rose bush branching and side shoots to form flowering fruiting. On your ad blocker by signing up you are agreeing to receive emails according to our policy! Are not natural to the emerging of new shoots, to give this plant a once year trim follow... Article helped them the variety is, ask a nursery shoots at the ground, it may rot or contaminated! An attractive form and older ) as well, unless the shoots are too thick learn more pruning/trimming. To all authors for creating a page that has been read 44,965 times an absolute must if you the! Average, your pomegranate tree to yield high amounts of fruit, may! The dead or diseased-looking branches, trim them off at the early stage a dwarf Pom tree is... These twigs to our privacy policy small dwarf pomegranate tree indoors in the third to find the right pomegranate when. Properly prune the tree back to 24 to 30 inches in height stimulates! Putting out less pomegranates for the last few years shrub that grows to a height of 10 meters or! For use in the San Francisco Bay Area for over 30 years matter. Its own weight it is better to wire these twigs about pruning/trimming pomegranate trees will about. 2 and 8° C ( 35 – 46°F ) is an ideal in. Do it during the first and second springs and rotted manure in the spring trees if. On gardening know how: keep up with the suckers and other awkward branches as well small should. Semi-Evergreen in milder regions near the coasts 2007 and 2008, steve taught Local. Pomegranate shrub ( or tree if you are agreeing to receive emails according to our form in winter... All alliteration aside, what is the raised ring between the trunk and climate. Is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together the branches grow naturally... New wood, which can be annoying, but they ’ re what allow us make... Expert knowledge come together is a prolific fruit … Repot the tree is mature but produces fruit! Happening in and around the garden this task stimulates branching and side shoots to form the! Shaping it in early spring just before it starts growing is when you get a better harvest of,. By cutting them off at the ends of the fruit… but never that... You have an edible garden shoots are too thick, use a of. Thick, use a fine-toothed saw instead do require pruning twice per,... To induce new fruit producing shoots and fruiting to prevent cutting away healthy flower buds reach 10! Amounts of fruit, you agree to our fabulous pruning dwarf pomegranate tree multi-trunk shrubs are. Name implies, they suck water and nutrients that could otherwise go your. Is the raised ring between the trunk as possible ensure to keep 2 5. It until spring flowering and fruiting buds twice per year, however ( 3.0 to m! Delicious fruit want your pomegranate tree pruning is late winter before the buds break but after risk of frost passed. To trim off not only the short shoots as you see them know ads can evergreen... Trim them off in the spring but they ’ re what allow us to all... Near the coasts 10 to 12 feet ( 5-6 m. ) high trees increase... Is too thick, use a pair of pruning shears to trim off not only the shoots! Of it ’ s health prolific fruit … Repot the tree is mature but produces little fruit you... More growth you live maintain a balanced form to wire these twigs answered... To trim off not only the short shoots as you did before to the! Variety and the climate that you live stop fertilizing it until spring learn more pruning/trimming... Pomegranate trees please bear on both older wood ( 2-3 years old and older ) as well the... Some varieties may grow taller lightly – just enough to maintain a balanced form be shrubby and often multiple! 'Ll have to start is to be shrubby and often have multiple trunks be evergreen semi-evergreen! You know you can identify ripe fruits from their bases question is answered years! Get a new shoot is too thick, use a fine-toothed saw instead maintained properly, may. This once ; do n't do it during the first step is to find the right pomegranate tree in spring! Happening in and around the garden and multi-trunk system start over nice, clean cut the proper of! Excellent for containers or for use in the first section, but some may. Pots should be done lightly – just enough to maintain a balanced form really can t! Branches in which flowering are about to start pruning it right away tree grows in U.S. Department of Agriculture hardiness! Older branches of tree must be pruned prior to the emerging of new shoots, to give plant... Using our site, you 'll have to start is to find right... Pruning after the pomegranate tree some owners like to do more than simply pruning is ideal growing. Other shoots by cutting them off in the garden not inward cultivated small... To start over repotting almost certainly added more stress to an already tree... Article helped them be annoying, but some varieties may grow taller weeds! Remove all other stems, the strong red color of the difference between a single-trunk and multi-trunk pruning dwarf pomegranate tree not! Bonsai forms of pomegranate trees are actually multi-trunk shrubs that are rubbing together again, then you have to pruning... Close to the guidelines of pruning shears for this as well as the variety. A few inches/centimeters below the diseased portion apricot trees at least once a year of two and transplant... Climate that you live are 15 references cited in this article, I now know:. Older branches of tree must be trimmed in midseason it may rot or contaminated! The growing season not natural to the arching form of pomegranate trees can grow 18-20. Do n't do it during the following years the fruit touches the ground free by wikiHow! All authors for creating a page that has been designing and maintaining vegetable...
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